What happened this week in history

Bill Beaumont EMN-160703-065518001
Bill Beaumont EMN-160703-065518001

In 1074, Pope Gregory VII excommunicated all married priests.

1562 - Kissing in public was banned in Naples, on penalty of death.

1566 - David Rizzio, private secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, was murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.

1796 - Napolean Bonaparte married his first wife, Josephine de Beauharnais.

1822 - Charles M Graham received the first patent for false teeth.

1831 - The French foreign legion was founded in Algeria.

1842 - The first documented discovery of gold in California occurred at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.

1839 - The French Academy of Science announced the Daguerreotype photo process.

1858 - Albert Potts was awarded a patent for the letter box.

1900 - In Germany, women petitioned the Reichstag for the right to take university entrance exams.

1923 - Lenin retired as Soviet leader after suffering a severe stroke. He died the following year.

1932 - Eamon De Valera was elected president of the Irish Free State and pledged to abolish all loyalty to the British Crown

1946 - Tragedy struck the Bolton Wanderers ground, Burden Park, when barriers collapsed during an FA Cup tie, killing 33 supporters and injuring hundreds more.

1950 - Timothy John Evans was hanged for the murder of his daughter. Three years later, wrongful conviction was established when John Christie confessed.

1959 - The Barbie doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.

1961 - The Russians sent the first dog, Laika, into space on Sputnik 9.

1967 - Stalin’s daughter, Svetlana, defected to the West.

1979 - A volcano was discovered on one of Jupiter’s moons. It was the first volcano found in space.

1996 - American comedian George Burns died, aged 100.

1999 - Singer Tom Jones collected his OBE.

2011 - Space Shuttle Discovery made its final landing after 39 flights.