What happened this week in history

Guy Martin with the helmet he has donated to The Firefighters Charity EMN-151029-120500001
Guy Martin with the helmet he has donated to The Firefighters Charity EMN-151029-120500001

In 1429, Joan of Arc liberated Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier, in the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War.

1677 – The future Mary II of England married William, Prince of Orange. They would later jointly reign as William and Mary.

1846 - Benjamin Palmer patented an artificial leg.

1847 - Scottish obstetrician James Young Simpson discovered the anaesthetic qualities of chloroform.

1879 - James Ritty patented the first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Ohio saloon.

1890 - London’s first deep-level tube railway opened, between King William Street and Stockwell.

1921 - Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi was assassinated in Tokyo.

1922 - In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men found the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

1924 - Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming was elected the first female governor in the United States.

1924 - The Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald resigned.

1958 - Pope John XXIII, the son of a poor Italian farmer, was crowned 262nd pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church on the balcony of St Peter’s Basilica in a four-hour ceremony, watched by 200,000 spectators in St Peter’s Square.

1963 - John Lennon uttered his infamous “rattle your jewellery” line at the Royal Variety Performance in London.

1970 - Genie, a 13-year-old feral child, was found in Los Angeles having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.

1980 - Former Hollywood actor Ronald Reagan defeated Democrat Jimmy Carter in the US presidential elections by a huge majority.

1995 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated as he left a peace rally in Tel Aviv.

2001 - The film Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone had its world premiere in London.

2008 - Barack Obama became the first person of African-American descent to be elected President of the United States.