1431 - Joan of Arc was burnt at the stake in Rouen, France, as a heretic.
1536 - Henry VIII married Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives, at Whitehall Palace.
1593 - English dramatist Christopher Marlowe was killed in a tavern brawl.
1821 - James Boyd patented the rubber fire hose.
1889 - The bra was invented.
1920 - Joan of Arc was canonised
1940 - The evacuation at Dunkirk began.
1949 - A test pilot made the first escape by ejector seat in Britain.
1963 - The Peerage Bill allowed hereditary peers to renounce their titles, meaning Tony Benn could finally take his seat in the House of Commons.
1978 - Liverpool became the first British football team to take the European Champions’ Cup for the second year running.
1990 - France banned imports of British beef and live cattle over fears of BSE or ‘mad cow’ disease.
1996 - The Duke and Duchess of York were granted a divorce.
1999 - A six-year-old boy broke the world record by catching a rainbow trout weighing 19lbs 14oz.