1220 - Henry II laid the foundation stone of a new Lady Chapel at Westminster Abbey.
1568 - Mary, Queen of Scots fled to England.
1792 - Denmark abolished slave trade.
1920 - In Rome, Pope Benedict XV canonised Joan of Arc.
1928 - The Prince of Wales opened the Royal Tweed Bridge, the longest road bridge in Britain.
1929 - The first Academy Awards (Oscars) ceremony was held.
1934 - Female players were allowed to wear shorts at Wimbledon for the first time.
1968 - Two women and a man were killed when an entire corner of a new block of flats in London’s East End came crashing down.
1968 - A 15-year-old boy became Britain’s first lung transplant patient, but he died 12 days later.
1983 - The first wheel clamps were introduced in Britain. They were adopted by Kensington, Chelsea and Westminster councils in London.
1991 - The Queen addressed a joint session of the United States Congress; the first British monarch to address the US Congress.