1854 - Crimean War: France and Britain declared war on Russia.
1906 - The New York meteorological office announced it would soon be possible to forecast the weather.
1910 - Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
1917 - The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps was founded. These were the first official British service women.
1930 - The Turkish cities of Angora and Constantinople changed their names to Ankara and Istanbul respectively.
1939 - Franco and the Fascist Nationalists won the Spanish Civil war.
1944 - MPs voted to pay women teachers the same wages as male teachers.
1955 - New Zealand cricketers were all-out for 26 against England; the lowest Test total in history.
1979 – The House of Commons passed a vote of no confidence against James Callaghan’s government, precipitating a general election.
2003 - Brighton’s West Pier collapsed after a major fire.