1556 - Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer was burned at the stake for treason and heresy.
1916 - Importing pianos was banned for the duration of the war.
1923 - Scientists claimed smoking was good for you, as nicotine acted as an anti-bacterial agent.
1925 - Edinburgh’s Murrayfield Stadium was officially opened.
1946 - Minister for Health Aneurin Bevan announced the Government’s plan for the National Health Service.
1960 - Sixty-nine black South Africans were killed and 180 injured when police opened fire on a demonstrators in the township of Sharpeville.
1961 - The Beatles played Liverpool’s Cavern Club for the first time.
1963 - Alcatraz, the maximum-security prison in San Francisco Bay, was closed.
1980 - US President Jimmy Carter announced a US boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet–Afghan War.
1999 - British comedian Ernie Wise, famous for his pairing with Eric Morecombe, died at the age of 73.
2006 - The social media site Twitter was founded.