1683 - The first museum opened, in Oxford. Exhibits included a stuffed dodo and visitors were charged by the length of stay.
1844 - The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) was founded in London.
1844 - The Glaciarium, the world’s first mechanically frozen ice rink, opened in London.
1907 - Persil, the world’s first household detergent, was launched.
1921 - Southwark Bridge in London was opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.
1930 - Frozen peas went on sale in America for the first time.
1936 - Gatwick Airport opened.
1944 - Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy at the start of a major offensive against the Germans - Operation Overlord.
1975 - British voters backed the UK’s continued membership of the EEC by two-to-one in a referendum.
1984 - Nearly 300 people were killed as Indian troops stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar, held by Sikh militants.
1998 - A poll showed 52 per cent of Scots wanted to break the union with England.