1301 - Edward of Caernarvon (later Edward II of England) became the first English Prince of Wales.
1812 - Author Charles Dickens was born, in Portsmouth.
1821- Seal hunter John Davis became the first person ever to set foot on Antarctica. He never returned.
1907 - The ‘Mud March’ took place in London; the first large procession organised by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), with more than 3,000 women taking part.
1924 - Helena Normanton became the first woman barrister to practise at the Old Bailey.
1943 - Americans were restricted to buying three pairs of shoes a year to save leather.
1947 - The Dead Sea Scrolls, dated 150BC to AD68, were found in caves west of the Jordan River.
1971 - A Swiss referendum awarded the vote to women.
1984 - Bruce McCandless II made the first untethered space walk.
1991 - Prime Minister John Major and his senior cabinet ministers escaped an assassination attempt, when the IRA fired mortar shells at 10 Downing Street from a van.