1831 - Charles Darwin set sale on ‘The Beagle’ on his voyage of scientific discovery.
1871 - The world’s first cat show took place, at Crystal Palace.
1904 - The Abbey opened in Dublin - the first state-subsidised theatre in the world.
1904 - J M Barrie’s Peter Pan premiered at the Duke of York Theatre in London.
1945 - The International Monetary Fund was set up in Washington.
1965 - Britain’s first off-shore drilling platform, Sea Gem, capsized off the north-east coast of England, killing 13 men.
1975 - The Sex Discrimination and Equal Pay Acts were introduced.
1977 - Thousands of people flocked to cinemas across the UK to watch the long-awaited blockbuster, Star Wars.
1978 - After 40 years of dictatorship, Spain adopted a new constitution and became a democracy.
1997 - Leading Protestant paramilitary, Billy Wright, was shot dead at the maximum security Maze prison in Northern Ireland.
2007 - Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a shooting incident.