What happened this day in history - August 22

What happened this day in history - August 22 EMN-180822-075547001
What happened this day in history - August 22 EMN-180822-075547001

565 - St Columba reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness. It was the first sighting of the Loch Ness Monster.

1138 - The Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England.

1485 - The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet.

1639 - Madras (now Chennai), India, was founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.

1642 - Charles I raised his standard in Nottingham, which marked the beginning of the English Civil War.

1864 - The International Red Cross was founded by the Geneva Convention to assist the wounded and prisoners of war.

1865 - Liquid soap was patented by William Sheppard.

1902 - Teddy Roosevelt became the first American President to ride in a motor car.

1950 - Althea Gibson became the first black competitor in international tennis.

1985 - Following an aborted take-off, a British Airtours Boeing 737 burst into flames on the runway at Manchester Airport, killing 55 people.