1797 – The last Invasion of Britain, by Revolutionary France, began near Fishguard, Wales.
1879 - American shopkeeper F W Woolworth opened his first ‘five and ten cent store’ in Utica, New York.
1886 - The Times became the first newspaper to publish a classified personal column.
1907 - The first cabs with meters began operating in London.
1920 - The first artificial rabbit was used at a dog race track, in California.
1940 - Five-year-old Tenzin Gyatso was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama in Tibet.
1956 - At Fratton Park, Newcastle United beat Portsmouth 2-0, in the first league match to be played under floodlights.
1963 - Rene Lacoste patented the first metal tennis racquet.
1991 - Iraqi forces began setting fire to Kuwaiti oil fields.
1997 - Scientists in Scotland announced the birth of the world’s first successfully cloned mammal, Dolly the sheep.
2006 – At least six men staged Britain’s biggest robbery, stealing £53m from a Kent Securitas depot.