In 1327 - Edward II died while imprisoned at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire.
1599 - Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre had its first production, ‘Julius Caesar’.
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie defeated the English at the Battle of Prestonpans in Scotland.
1784 - The Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser was published. It was the first successful American daily newspaper.
1792 - French Revolution: The National Convention declared France a republic and abolished the absolute monarchy.
1897 - The envelope seal was patented by F W Leslie.
1915 - Stonehenge was sold at auction to Mr C H Chubb for £6,600. Mr Chubb presented it to the nation three years later.
1937 - J R R Tolkien published ‘The Hobbit’.
1939 - Romanian Prime Minister, Armand Călinescu was assassinated by far-right legionnaires of the fascist paramilitary organization Iron Guard.
1942 - The Boeing B-29 Superfortress made its maiden flight.
1949 - The Republic of Ireland beat England 2-0 at Goodison Park. It was England’s first home defeat by a foreign football team.
1962 - Bamber Gasgoine’s ‘University Challenge’ was screened for the first time.
1964 - Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1965 - The Gambia, Maldives and Singapore were admitted as members of the United Nations.
1968 - Madame Tussauds gave The Beatles waxworks their fifth change of image in four years.
1971 - ‘The Old Grey Whistle Test’ was broadcast for the first time.
1971 - Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.
1981 - Belize was granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
1981 -Sandra Day O’Connor was unanimously approved by the US Senate as the first female Supreme Court justice.
1991 - Status Quo made the Guinness Book of Records when they played four venues within a 12-hour period - Sheffield, Glasgow, Birmingham and London.